Oxymetholone (also known as anapolon or anadrol) is a very drastic synthetic steroid, 17-alpha-alkylated modification of dihydrotestosterone. It was developed for the treatment of osteoporosis and anaemia, as well as to stimulate muscle gain in malnourished and debilitated patients. Oxymetholone has been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in humans. Later there where created non-steroidal drugs that effectively could treat anaemia and osteoporosis; because of this anapolon lost his popularity and by 1993 Syntex decided to cease the production of the drug, as well as other manufacturers did.
Because weight loss typically consists of both fat and lean tissue, measurement of body composition for diagnostic purposes, although potentially useful, is not essential. Although several early studies demonstrated that mortality is related not just to loss of weight but also to depletion of lean tissue, a recent study performed in patients on ART suggested that weight loss was a better predictor of mortality than lean or fat tissue measured by bioelectric impedance.( 13 ) Nonetheless, there has been considerable interest in the measurement of body composition in patients with HIV infection, and such measurements can be useful in conjunction with well-maintained weight records to characterize an individual's response to various medical or nutritional interventions.